高考英语语法并列句和主从复合句用法精讲,考研必背的基础语法知识点

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  并列句和主导复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

土耳其共和国语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点一

  并列复合句是由多个或四个以上并列而又单独的简约句构成。多少个简易句常由并列连接词连在1起;但有时并非连接词,只在多少个大约句之间用一逗号或分行。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  壹.as…as.。。指点的比较级:(一)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像你同样学习努力。

  二、常见的并列句:

印度语印尼语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  (二)在否定句或难题句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (1) 用来连接三个并列概念的接连词有and , not only…but also…,
neither…nor…等,and所连接的上下分句往往代表先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持1致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用以往时。

简短句、并列句和复合句

  2.only指点的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (贰) 表示在两者之间接选举取三个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or
else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第1个分句用以后时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
唯有精卫填海、正直,一位在生活中才能打响。 

  (三) 表明五个概念互相有顶牛、相反或许转发,
常用的连年词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态一致。

  1. 归纳句只含有二个主谓结构.

  2. 三种简单句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  唯有那位女孩子知道怎么解那道题。

  (4) 表达原因, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。

1) 主+谓. He comes at last.

  三.wish指引的虚拟语气:wish
前边的从句,当代表与事实相反的场地,或意味着今后不太或许达成的愿望时,其宾语从句的动词方式为: 

  (伍) 表示结果,用接二连三词so, 前后分句时态一致。

2) 主+系+表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴代表对现行反革命气象的杜撰:从句动词用过去式或过去举行式表示,be
的千古式用were.   

  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
作者盼望知道那几个难点的答案。(可惜不知情。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主+谓+宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵代表对过去景色的杜撰:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

  主从复合句由一个主句和一个或三个之上的从句构成。主句为句子的珍视点,从句只用作句子的一个说不上成分,不能独立成为贰个句子。从句常常由关联词辅导,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在联合署名。如:While
the grandparents love the children, they are strict with
them.(外公姑婆们很爱儿女,同时对她们也严厉供给。) / It seemed as if the
meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else)
you’ll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不如了。) / However I cook eggs, the
child still refuses to eat
them.(不管作者用哪些艺术煮鸭蛋,小孩依然不肯吃。)

4) 主+谓+间宾+直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
笔者后悔不应当浪费这么多日子。( 实际季春经浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶代表对今后的不合理愿望:谓语动词方式为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在那种状态下,主句的主语与从句的主语无法同1,因为主句的主语所期待的从句动作能不能落到实处,取决于从句主语的神态或希望(非动作名词除却)
。 

  从句按其在复合句中的成效,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各项)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能止住。 

  3、各从句在句子中的地点以及用法:

比量齐观句:多个或多少个以上的粗略句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,能够表示请求,常常意味着说话人的难过或不满。

  (1)
表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它置身主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  我盼望您安然壹些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is
because you are so clever.

  1. 表示顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  肆.it格局宾语:和it 作格局主语一样,  大家常用it 来作方式宾语,
把真的的宾语从句放在句末, 那种情景进一步出现在带复合宾语的语句中。

  (贰) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他声明他不会投降。 

  一为主方式:(主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+…

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she
succeeded.

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

  贰 关于宾语从句连词的选取:

  1. 代表选拔涉及和否定条件的有or(依然,不然)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。大家越害怕困难,困难就会变得越强大。

  若从句出自3个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that能够回顾;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点2

  若从句出自多个形似疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  一. 宾语从句:一般难题句做宾语,引进if或whether

  若从句出自四个特有疑问句,则连词正是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 表示转会关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of
human beings.(他们相信总括机终将代替人类。) (从句本来就是陈述句)/ I
wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster.
(小编不明白是否该为他在校长前面说点什么。) (从句出自壹般问句Shall Isay something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could
get such medicine. (他问小编在何处能搞到那么的药。)
(从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.尽管她年轻,但做事着力。

  二. 缘故状语从句:since引导的

  叁宾语从句的时态难题:假如主句是现行反革命时,从句则用明日某一时半刻态,甚至能够用过去时;

  1. 意味着因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是病故时,从句则对应地利用过去某一时半刻态,碰着客观真理时依然用今后时。如:I
think I will do better in English this term.
(笔者想本学期笔者的斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the
earth is round. (老师问那多少个男孩地球是或不是圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 小编的腿疼,因而小编去看医务人士。

  三. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely…when。.

  四 下列结构后边的从句一般也当作宾语从句看待:

考试场点三 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad +that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late.
(对不起,我迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment.
(或许他这时不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的辅导词

  4. If虚拟条件句

  (三)
状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其岗位能够在主句前或主句后。状语从句可以分成时间、地方、原因、指标、结果、比较、妥洽、条件等两种。状语从句由从属连接词指引。

(1)指点 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文娱体育中不时省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

  时间状语从句普通由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as
,since, till (until), while, whenever
等带领。时间状语从句1般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句不一致意采纳未来时,而应该用以后时替代。如:
When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam.
(你完了工作就足以出来和吉米1起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes
back. (老妈回来了自作者才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词后面,作介词的宾语。

  地点状语从句普通由 where, wherever等辅导。如:Go back where you came
from! (哪儿来还滚到哪儿去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief
who stole my necklace wherever he may be.
(作者永久也不会遗忘去抓住那贰个偷小编项链的贼,无论她会在何地。)

(二) 指导一般难点句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

  原因状语从句平时由because, since,
as等引导,一般位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had
found a good university for him.
(他出国了,因为他老爹给她找了壹所好大学。)

She asked me if\ whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  六.状语从句不难(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语1致,状从简单选取分词作者状语。例句:

  目标状语从句普通由so that…, so…hat…, in order that…
等指引,往往放在句尾,从句中国和扶桑常含有can / could / may /
might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first
train. (他出发更早为的是遇上第3班车。)

(三) 指导特殊疑问句,要用原来的尤其疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句平时由 so that…, so…that…
等引导,放在句尾。结果状语从句一般代表已经发生的事情,故多为过去时态。如:He
lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one.
(他丢了那么多辆自行车,他决定再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点3

新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  壹.并列句:由and, or , but连接的四个句子成为并列句。

  比较状语从句平日由as, than, as
(so)…as等引导,一般大约从句的谓语部分,只剩余人词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane
is much taller than I/me. (Jane比自身高多了。) / I don’t have as many
books as you (do). (作者书未有您多)

I want to know when the train left.

  二.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者景况适用于后者”。例句:

  妥协状语从句普通由though (although), as, even if( even though),
however, whatever等指导。如:伊夫n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I
will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me.
(即使你替自个儿还了债作者也不会感激您,因为它与自作者毫非亲非故系。) / He wears a
T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了一件T恤衫,就算天很冰冷。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句平日由if, unless, as lon瓦斯等带领,条件状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许利用以往时,而应该用现时时替代。You
will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much
harder. (即未来临的期末考试你早晚考不比格,除非您更用心。) / If it doesn’
t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking.
(假设前几日不降水大家就要去徒步旅行。)

(一)主句是1般以往时,一般未来时或祈使句,宾语从句可依照实际须要选拔各个时态。

  叁.定语从句 who率领的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意]
一、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不能同在3个句子中成对出现。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教大家斯洛伐克语的百般女孩吧?

  二、时间、条件、原因,妥胁状语从句放在句首时必要用逗号与主句隔离。

(贰) 主句是病故时态,宾语从句应利用过去时的照应时态。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (4)
定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

  1 定语从句的职位:放在名词或代词的前边。如:The man who has an
umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是本身的老伯。)

(三)
假诺宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用什么样时态,从句都用壹般今后时。

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

  2语法术语的更改:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;指导定语从句的接二连三词称为关系词,当中that、which、who称为涉及代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  陆.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since
的分化之处在于,now that
引出的必须是多少个新出现的实际或状态,假使依然依旧,和过去对照并未转变,则不用
now that 辅导。

  三 关系代词或关系副词的法力:

  1. 练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然大家把持有材质都准备好了,我们应有及时发轫那项新的办事。

  关系代词who、whom
和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物,
有时也指人,它们在从句中得以作主语或宾语。定语从句中提到代词作者从句宾语时能够简不难单。This
is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days.
(这几个正是我们近来径直在找的小偷。) / Please find a room which is big
enough for all of us to live in. (请找1间丰富大能住下大家任何的屋子。)

1)Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?”
(改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  七. 缘故状从:for的用法。由because
指导的从句即使放在句末,且前面有逗号,则能够用并列连词 for
来取代。但假若不是评释间接原因,而是多样情景再说推测,就不得不用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他今日没来,因为她病倒了。

  关系副词when或where指点定语从句时,它们在从句中分头作时间状语和地点状语。如:This
is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago.
(那是3个礼拜前他们吵架的房间。) / I can never forget the day when I
first saw you. (笔者永久不会遗忘第二回探望您的光阴。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  八. 缘故状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  肆限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不可能简单,不然主句意思就不完全。非限制性定语从句和主句之间多次用逗号分开,那种从句是1种附加表达,假诺从句子中节约,也不致于影响主句的情致。如:She
spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us
had heard of.
(她八个夜间都在谈论她多年来的书,大家一位都尚未听他们说过那本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  玖. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  壹、关系代词只好用that的意况:

3) — Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 独资化的优点在于能带动互相竞争。

  当先行词是指事物的不安代词(all,
anything等),或事先词部分含有最高级,或带有序数词时,不能用其余的涉及代词,只好用that.
如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉小编的话如同不真实。) /
Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside?
(能还是不能够给自家点里面没有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that
runs in our city. (那是第二辆运营于小编市的双层公共交通车。)

— I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  10. 不定式:不定式做指标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

  二、关系代词在从句中作主语时1般用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you
help

  作品来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner?
(你认识那几个在角落里哭泣的女生呢?) / Do not tell me any words that have
nothing to do with me. (跟自家非亲非故的话,请三个字也并非说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

  3、关系代词作从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词平时省略。

考试场点四 状语从句

  如:汤姆’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to.
(Tom的父亲是我们教育工笔者先是个出口的人。)

一、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  肆、当提到代词紧跟在介词前边时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又足以动用that或who.

一.地方状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the
room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

地址状语从句常常由 where 指点。

  (伍)
主语从句:在句子中担任句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词在此之前。平日由that,whether以及难点连词指引。一般意况下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When
we should start is still a question.
(我们该在怎么时候开头依旧个问题吧。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  直接引语和直接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  一、直接引语和直接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原本的讲话,称为间接引语。在书写时,直接引语用引号。用本身的用语来转述表明原来说话人说的始末,称为间接引语。

二.时日状语从句(主句用以后时,从句用一般以往时)

  二、直接引语改变为直接引语:

日子状语从句的教导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

  一、直接引语假设是陈述句,变为直接引语时应小心以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  一不用引号,而用一而再词that,但神蹟可粗略。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  2人叫做相应变更;

三.规则状语从句

  叁主句里的动词假如是病故时,直接引语中的时态一般应作相应改变:
1般现在时变一般过去时;1般未来时变过去以后时;以往进行时变过去举办时;未来完成时改为过去达成时;1般过去时成为过去完毕时;但貌似过去时如与2个现实的千古时间连用,则时态不变。

在标准化状语从句中,常用的指导词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,”I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the
USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long
time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

  →Mr Smith said to his girl friend that he had not seen her for a
long time.

四.缘由状语从句

  二、直接引语假设是壹般疑问句,变为间接引语时,需用从属连接词whether或if教导,词序要转移。如:Lin
Tao said to Miss 格林, “Is it made in China?” →Lin Tao asked Miss 格林if it was made in China.

原因状语从句常用的引导词有because, as, since(既然)等

  三、直接引语假设是越发疑问句,变为直接引语时,需用疑问词引导,词序是:连词+主语+谓语。

He didn’tcome because he was ill.

  如:Lucy said to me, “How can I help?” →Lucy asked me how she could
help.

Since weare students, we should study hard.

  四、直接引语如是祈使句,变直接引语时,须将祈使句变为动词不定式,并在动词不定式前用tell,
ask, order. 如:He said to the little boy,“ Come here, young man! ”

*Because 和so 不能够在三个句子中还要使用。

  →He asked the little boy to go there.

  1. 结果状语从句

  伍、直接引语变为直接引语时,提醒代词以及代表时间和地点的词或词组应作相应变更

结果状语从句首要由so…that…, such…that…辅导。

  倒装句: 谓语的一有些也许全体放在主语之前的语句称为倒装句。

It’s sohot that we want to go swimming.

  一、THERE BE句型以及以here、there开端的句子。如: There are a lot of
children in the showroom. (在展览室里有为数不少的毛孩(Xu)子。)/ Here comes the
bus. (公共交通车来了。) / There goes the bell. (铃响了。) / The door opened
and in came Mr Lee. (门开了,李先生走了进去。)

That’ssuch an interesting story that everybody likes it.

  二、用“So / Nor / Neither + 助动词 +
主语”倒装结构意味着第二个人物的状态与上文的人物意况相同。如:汤姆 went to
the beach last week, and, so did I. (Tom上个星期去了沙滩,小编也是。) / Li
Mei’s bought nothing from the shop. Neither has 吉姆.
(李梅未有在店里买什么样,吉姆也绝非买。)

*So… that…与简单句之间的句型转换

  三、在疑难句中,经常选用在主语在此以前放置助动词的倒装方法,对主语提问除却。如:How
did he find the lost book? (他是何许找到丢失的书的?) / Where are they
going to spend the summer vacation? (他们打算到哪儿过暑假?)

1) that后的句子是还是不是定句,常用too…to进行转换。

  四、惊叹句中司空见惯将被感叹的壹对前移,而将句子的主谓语全体前置。
如:What a beautiful flower (it is)! (那是多美貌的花!)

He is soyoung that he can’t go to school.à he is too young to go to
school.

  五、有引号引用某人的原话时,引号外面包车型客车主谓1般接纳倒装格局放在句尾,但是,若主语是代词则不倒装。如:“What
on earth are you doing up there?” said the father.
(阿爹说:“你在上头到底为什么?”) / “What on earth are you doing up
there?”he said. (他说:“你在上面到底为何?”)

2) that后的语句是肯定句。常用enough to 实行转换。

  附加注释

The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough
forhim to buy.

  die、dead、death的用法:die是动词,能够单独做谓语,有各个时态变化,也足以改为非谓语情势作句子的别的元素;dead是形容词,作句子的定语、表语或宾语补足语;death是名词,作句子的主语、宾语等。如:I’m
going to die! (笔者要死了!) / The man has been dead for about three
months. (那家伙死了四个月左右。) / He is worried to death.
(他急得要死。)

陆.指标状语从句

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目标状语从句常用的指导词有so that, in order that 等àin order to 简单句

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Pleasesay it in a loud voice so that everyone can hear it.

He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.

  1. 低头状语从句

引导词有though, although, even if, even though(就算)等。

He oftenhelps others though\ although he is not rich.

They willstand by you even if you don’t succeed.

*Though, although与but 不能够同时出现在多个句子中

八.比较状语从句

正如状语从句由than, as…as…, not as\so… as等引导。(比较级)

He ismore outgoing than I.

He ran asfast as Mike.

二、练习

  1. It’squite common in Britain to say “thankyou”tothe drivers _____
    people getoff the bus.

a.after b. since c. until d. when

  1. Theart club is for members only. You can’t go in ____you are a
    member.

a.unless b. because c. if d. though

  1. Nowmany parents send their children to foreign countries, _____
    they want them toget a better education.

a.until b. though c. because

  1. —-What would some students like to do after finishing their
    education?

—- They would like to start towork_______ they needn’t depend
on their parents completely.

a. assoon as b. so that c. before d. while

考试场点5 定语从句

修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,指引定语从句的词叫关系词(关系代词和涉及副词)。

1.涉嫌代词的基本用法

作主语

作宾语

作定语

指人

who\that

who\whom\that\省略

whose

指物

which\that

which\that\省略

whose

The man __________spokeat the meeting is from Hong Kong.
(指人作主语)

Thebuilding ___________is being built will be used as a
hospital.(指物作主语)

I visiteda scientist _______ name is known all over the world.
(指人作定语)

  1. 论及代词特殊用法

(一)当提到代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词要与先行词保持1致。

He is oneof the boys who ______ (like) playing football.

He is theonly one of the boys who________ (like) playing
football.

(二) 平时以下三种情况提到代词只好用that而不能够用which.

一) 先行词为all, much, something, everything, nothing,little, none, the
one 等不定代词时

贰)先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。

三)超越行词被the only, the very, the just等修饰时。

四)先行词中既有人又有物时。

  1. 涉嫌副词的着力用法。

一) when 在句中作状语,表示时间。

2) where 在句中作状语,表示地方。.

三) why 在句中作状语,表示原因。

Heremembers the day _______ he joined the League.

This isthe reason_______ he is late today.

This isthe place _______ Lu Xun was born.

练习

1、用括号内所给的动词的适当情势填空。

  1. Mrs.Wang said that she ______(buy) a new car the next day.

  2. OurEnglish teacher told us that Christmas ________(be) on
    December 25.

  3. I’lltell you as soon as Kate ______(come) here.

  4. Couldyou tell me when your father ______(go) to New York? When
    he ______(go) there,we’llsee him off.

  5. Homewith Kids is one of the TV sitcoms that _______(make) us
    laugh again and again.

2、单项采纳

  1. Couldyou please keep the windows______? It’s so hot in the
    room.

a. open b. opens c. opened d. opening

  1. Workhard, _____ you’ll fall behind your classmates.

a. and b. but c. or d. so

  1. Benasked me ______ I had read the news in today’s newspaper.

a. that b. if c. what d. when

  1. —-Can you tell me _____?

—- Of course. He comes from Japan.

a. where does he come from b. where is he from

c. where he comes from d. where he wants to go

  1. Cathylikes comedies, _____ they’re very funny.

a. if b. so c. because d. until

  1. Hisbrother has been to Stone Forest twice_____ he came to
    Yunnan.

a. after b. before c. since d. for

  1. Theypiled the snow in one place ______ the children could make
    a snowman.

a. so that b. when c. because d. until

  1. —-Iwon’t go to the party tomorrow.

—-_____ you told me you would. What’shappening?

a. But b. So c. And d. Or

  1. Mr.Brown knows little Japanese, ______ he can’t understand the
    instructions on thebottle of the pills.

a. so b. or c. but d. for

  1. Youwill be late ____ you hurry up.

a. after b. when c. unless d. if

  1. Somepeople like to play mahjong, ____ others don’t.

a. when b. while c. as d. since

  1. ____he is young, ____ he knows several languages.

a. Though, but b. Because, so c. Though, \ d. Because,\

  1. Thisis the most interesting book____ I’ve read before.

a. that b. which c. who d. a&b

  1. Thisis the room in ____Chairman Mao lived.

a. that b. which c.who d. whom

15.August 1. 1927 was the day ____ the PLA was founded.

a. that b. which c. where d. when

  1. I like the place ____ I canhave a good time.

a. that b. which c. whered. when

三、写出下列句子的同义词,每空一词。

  1. The foreigners want to know howthey can learn Chinese kung fu well.

Theforeigners want to know ______ ______ learn Chinese kung
fu well.

  1. When does the train leave? I want toknow.

I want to know ________the train _________

  1. “Do you want to try somethingnew?” Tom’s mother asked him.

Tom’ mother asked him_____________ _______ to try
something new.

  1. You must be quick. If not, you’llmiss the early bus.

________ quick , ______ you willmiss the early bus.

  1. Jim’s mother let him watch TVafter he finished his homework.

Jim’s mother________ let him watchTV_______ he finished
his homework.

  1. You shouldn’t tell him your address, Ithink.

I ________ think you ______ tell him youraddress.

  1. He ran so fast that we couldn’t catch upwith him.

He ran ____ fast ______ _____________ catch up
with.

  1. This shirt was so cheap that becould buy it.

This shirt was _____ _______ ________
_______________ buy.

  1. He worked hard so that he couldmake more money.

He worked hard______ _______ ______ make moremoney.

  1. Because it snowed heavily, thetraffic had to stop.

The traffic had to stop ______ _______ the_______
snow.