备考干货,2015考研英语

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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都以讲求考生就某种现实景况或意见发布本身的见解,内容多是考生所熟悉的社会火热话题或学士生活主题材料。写好四级作文有八个关键点:第2,依照英文的表述习惯来铺排撰写结构;第壹,用自身熟知的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出团结的观点和观念。因而,老师将奉公守法起承转合的布局布局,为我们详细介绍一下创作中常用的重点涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家4级写作提供有效的素材。

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  (一)起

1、起初句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大大学6续启幕,繁多过初试的考生已经初叶了不安的复试准备,让我们最为顾虑的是德语复试的备考。能或不能够收获最终的中标,匈牙利(Hungary)语复试是3个至关心体贴要。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自笔者介绍还是可以提前背1背,可1旦抽到八个随意的话题让大家开始展览叙述的话,就会有早晚的难度。那里老师就给我们介绍二种张开话题的点子,希望大家能够选拔上,使自个儿的发话表明更为的明明白白流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

二.It goes without saying that… 可想而知,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

叁.It can be said with certainty that… 能够毫无疑问地说……

  因果法是用来解释“为什么”的标题。我们得以遵照三个结出去演绎其原因,要以事实和证据为依据,前后经过要合乎逻辑和原理。例如:“你怎么报考大学生”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

四.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  四. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须小心到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普及感到…

  定义法能够用来解说“是何许”的题目,即用一段话来讲明表达有个别抽象的定义或具体育赛事物的性格、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 大家能够用如下情势来拓展论述:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

柒.It‘s likely that … 那或然是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

八.It‘s hardly that… 那是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

9.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它大约从不太多的说…

  例证是为着表明核心而存在的。当宗旨为理论性或概述的论点时,就必要通过举例或例证来加以补助,以说服听者,同时要小心逻辑严密。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on 电视 or radio.

  (二)承

十.What calls for special attention is that…要求尤其注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  一. 关系词语或重大词汇:

1一.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可以还是不可以认

  同理可得,报考大学生复试时,得到难点后应即时审题,积极思虑,找好切人点,把出口的框架打好腹稿,那样会使您的演讲更具逻辑性。展开的秘诀便是行使因果法、定义法、例证法等。此外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交换,牢牢地掀起对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时代,我们断定要多锻练与人沟通的本事。祝我们报考博士复试顺利,超过常规发挥,顺遂跻身本身心仪的学院和学校!

  递进:

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 未有怎么比那更首要的是…

  起点:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

1三.what‘s far more important is that… 更主要的是…

  举例:

贰、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

壹.A case in point is … 叁个独立的例子是…

  因果:

2.As is often the case…由于1般状态下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

三.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

四.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore
可是难题并非如此轻巧,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

五.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  2. 句型及常用表明结构:

六.For all that…对此这总体…… In spite of the fact that…就算事实……

  举例:

七.Further, we hold opinion that… 别的,大家坚贞不屈感觉,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

8.However , the difficulty lies in…不过,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

九.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 一样,大家要留心…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

1一.In view of the present station。鉴于近来时局

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

1二.As has been mentioned above…正如上边所涉嫌的…

  因果:

一三.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从这些角度上大家得以说

  There are several reasons for…

1四.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is…
可是大家还得看看东西的一派,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

叁、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

一.I will conclude by saying… 最终自身要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

贰.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…由此,大家有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

三.All things considered,一言以蔽之 It may be safely said
that…它能够有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

肆.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more
advisable…由此,以笔者之见,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
that…通过以上商量,大家得以得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
that…通过数据大家获取的定论是,…

  …may be divided into…

七.It can be concluded from the discussion
that…从中大家得以汲取那样的定论

  (三)转

8.From my point of view, it would be better if…在小编眼里……大概更加好

  转折:

肆、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

5、常用于引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

一.Some people think that … 有些人觉着…To be frank, I can not agree with
their opinion for the reasons
below。坦率地说,笔者无法同意他们的观点,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

二.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different
now。多年来,……向来被视为……,但今天的情状有十分的大的不等。

  (四)合

三.I believe the title statement is valid because…
作者认为那些论点是没有错的,因为…

  一. 涉及词汇或首要词汇:

四.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …笔者一筹莫展完全同意这一见解的…
I believe…

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a
result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by
and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly
speaking

⑤.My argument for this view goes as follows。小编对那么些标题标观念如下。

  贰. 句型及常用表明结构:

陆.Along with the development of…, more and more…随着……的上扬,越来越多…

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

柒.There is a long-running debate as to
whether…有三个漫漫运维的申辩,是不是…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

八.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized
that…它1般是认为…

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to
stop/prevent…

玖.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the
latter。就本人来讲,小编完全同意前者/后者。

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we
will have a brighter future of…

10.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the
argument of both sides。在交付作者的视角以前,作者想有供给看看互相的论证。

  以上那些语汇、短语和句型对于考生来讲都是一对一有效的作文素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在试验中能够运用熟谙。

陆、表示相比较和对待的常用句型和表明法

1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B。

2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect。

3.A and B differ in…

4.A differs from B in…

5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B…

7.A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B…

8.While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

10.Both A and B … However, A…; on the other hand, B…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

7、演绎法常用的句型

一.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to
three major ones。有多少个原因……,但貌似,他们得以归咎为四个重大的。

二.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are
the most typical ones。有过多要素大概占…,但以下是最登峰造极的。

三.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following
ones may be most
effective。有大多格局能够消除这么些主题素材,但上面包车型客车或者是最得力的。

四.Generally, the advantages can be listed as
follows。1般的话,这一个优势能够列举如下。

5.The reasons are as follows。

八、因果推理法常用句型

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot。

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence /
consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

四.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we‘ve
learned a lot。由于阅读那本书,大家曾经学到了成都百货上千。

5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much。

6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much。

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

8.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight。
吃太多导致超重。

玖、段首万能句子

一。关于……人们有两样的见识。一些人认为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ 。Some people
suggest that ____。

二。俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,可是,尽管在后天,它在大多场所还是适用。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our
forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

三。今后,……,它们给我们的平日生活带来了累累危机。首先,……;其次,……更为不佳的是……

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily
life.First, ____ Second,____。What makes things worse is
that______。

四。将来,……很广阔,许三个人爱不释手……,因为……,别的(而且)……

Nowadays,it is common to ______。Many people like ______
because ______。Besides,______。

伍。任何事物都以有两面性,……也不例外。(www.lz一三.cn)它既有方便的单方面,也有不利的单方面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has
both advantages and disadvantages。

陆。关于……人们的见解各不相同样,1些人以为(说)……,在他们看来,……

People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some
people say that ______。To them,_____。

7。人类正面临着壹个严重的主题材料……,这么些主题素材变得进一步严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and
more serious。

8。……已产生人的关切的热点话题,尤其是在年青人个中,将掀起热烈的论战。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the
young and heated debates are right on their way。

玖。……在大家的常常生活中起着越来越首要的机能,它给大家带来了不少功利,但同时也抓住部分严重的主题素材。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our
day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some
serious problems as well。

拾。依照图片/数字/计算数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图能够看到……很精晓……,然而怎么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar
graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______
while.Obviously,______,but why?

10、中间段落万能句子

①。相反,有一部分人同情……,他们相信……,而且,他们以为……

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same
time,they say____。

2。可是,笔者感到那不是消除……的好办法,比如……最倒霉的是……

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For
example,____。Worst of all,___。

三。……对大家国家的升华和建设是必需的,(也是)格外首要的。首先,……而且……,最要紧的是……

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and
construction.First,______。What”s more, _____。Most
important of all,______。

四。有多少个可供大家秉承的办法。首先,我们得以……

There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can______

五。面临……,大家应当使用一层层立见成效的措施来……1方面……,另一方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective
measures to______。For one thing,______For
another,______

陆。早就应该拿出游动了。比如说……,此外……全体那么些格局自然会……

It is high time that something was done about it.For
example。_____。In addition。_____。All these measures will
certainly______。

7。为何……?第2个原因是……;第3个原因是……;第7个原因是……总的来讲,……的根本原因是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second
reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the
main cause of ______due to ______。

八。不过,正如任何事物都有优劣多个地点同等,……也有它的不利的3只,象……

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides,
______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______。

九。就算如此,笔者相信……更便于。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous。

10。完全同意……那种理念(陈述),首要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

十1、结尾万能句子

一。至于本身,在某种程度上自身同意前面包车型客车视角,笔者觉着……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some
extent.I think that ____。

二。简单的说,整个社会应有仔细关切……那几个主题素材。唯有这么,大家本事在现在……

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem
of ______。Only in this way can ______in the future。

三。可是,……和……都有它们分别的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……然则,把那2者相比较,作者更倾向于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example,
_____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I
prefer to______。

四。就我个人来说,作者深信……,因而,小编确信美好的前途正等着大家。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____。Consequently, I‘m confident that
a bright future is awaiting us because______。

五。随着社会的前进,……因而,热切需求……假诺种种人都愿为社会进献自已的一份力量,那么些社会将要变得越来越好。

With the development of society, ______。So it“s urgent and
necessary to ____。If every member is willing to contribute himself
to the society, it will be better and better。

6。至于自个儿(对本人来讲,就自个儿来说),小编感觉……更合理。唯有那样,我们才干……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can
you _____。

七。对自笔者来讲,笔者觉着有至关重要……原因如下:第三,……;
第3,……;最终……但一样任重(Ren Zhong)而道远的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____。The reasons are as
follows.First _____。Second ______。Last but not
least,______。

八。在完整上很难说……是好大概坏,因为它在非常大程度上有赖于……的时势。然则,就自个儿个人来说,小编发觉……

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it
depends very much on the situation of______。However, from a
personal point of view find______。

九。综上所述,大家能够领略地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the
conclusion that____。

10。如若大家不接纳有效的办法,就可能调控不了这种倾向,就会现出局地诡异的不良后果,所以,咱们理应做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and
some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do
is_____。